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Oct 18, 2020 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
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It is shown that the cause of cosmic voids and galaxy clusters is the chaotic motion of galaxies. According to I. Prigogine, in an open system, near a stationary state, far from equilibrium, fluctuations of parameters are possible. Therefore, in chemical cyclic systems such as the Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction, the concentration of substances can take on any values, and these values ​​can fluctuate over time. If we assume that the Universe is an open system, which is located near a...
Topics: Reaction of Belousov-Zhabotinsky, I. Prigogine, Universe, Galaxy Clusters, Space Voids,...
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Oct 14, 2020 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
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It is shown that both the redshift and, therefore, the recession of galaxies is the effect of an observer who is located in the center of the cosmological ball on planet Earth. This effect is a consequence of the gravitational time dilation in accordance with Einstein's STR. That is, there is no real recession of galaxies, which means there is no Big Bang. Galaxies in the Universe are subject to the usual chaotic motion, but due to the indicated effects, we observe the scattering of galaxies. 
Topics: Speed of Light, Recession of Galaxies, Redshift, Hubble-Lemaitre Law, Cosmological Ball, Big Bang.
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Oct 14, 2020 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
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The Sun is the cause of the Tunguska methiorite. Our Sun. More precisely, coronal mass ejections (CME)...
Topics: Tungussky metiorit, CMEs solar mass.
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Oct 11, 2020 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
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Using the particle-wave dualism of microparticles and the Bohr model of the atom, it is strictly shown that the maximum number of chemical elements in the periodic table cannot be more than 137. Since, starting from element 138, the speed of a 1S-electron when moving around the nucleus of an atom must be higher than the speed light in a vacuum. Therefore, Feynmanium (Z=137) is the last chemical element. It was also shown that a decrease in the half-life of chemical elements correlates with an...
Topics: Bohr's Model of the Atom, Wave-Particle Duality, Speed of Light, Chemical Element, Feynmanium,...
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Oct 4, 2020 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
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Time travel can be shown to contradict the second law of thermodynamics...
Topics: Time machine, second law of thermodynamics
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Oct 4, 2020 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
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It is easy to show that string theory enters into an insurmountable contradiction with wave-particle dualism, that is, with our reality...
Topics: string theory, particle-wave dualism
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Sep 27, 2020 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
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The cause of space voids, like galactic clusters, is the chaotic movement of galaxies. Yes, yes, precisely in the chaotic movement of galaxies in our Universe. This becomes obvious and logical when we remember of chemistry. More precisely, the Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction...
Topics: Space voids, galaxy clusters, Boötes void, Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction.
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Sep 21, 2020 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
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Viruses were the first form of life on Earth. Let's start from the very beginning, that is, with the hypothesis of the "world of nucleic acids", and then show how life evolved in stages to the first simplest bacteria... 
Topics: viruses, origin of life, bacterium.
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Sep 9, 2020 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
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The quantum computer is a hypothetical quantum device that will never be practically realized, since the principle of its operation is contrary to quantum mechanics. More precisely, the principle of quantum superposition...
Topics: quantum computer, principle of quantum superposition.
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Sep 9, 2020 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
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The entire Biosphere of the planet Earth began to evolve from a last universal DNA molecule. This is a complete analogy to the last universal ancestor. That is, there was a only universal DNA molecule that contained all genes, all living things that can exist in our biosphere... After falling into favorable conditions, the universal DNA/RNA molecule began to evolve: first, the era of viruses, then the era of bacterial evolution, and then the evolution of multicellular organisms...
Topics: Last universal DNA molecule, DNA.
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Sep 2, 2020 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
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The redshift and receding of galaxies is the effect of an observer that is located in the center of the cosmological ball (planet Earth). This effect is a consequence of gravitational time dilation in accordance with Einstein's STR. Consequently, there is no real scattering of galaxies, just as there is no Big Bang, but there is the usual chaotic movement of galaxies.
Topics: redshift, Big Bang
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Aug 25, 2020 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
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Yes. There can be no more than 137 elements. This limitation of the number of elements follows from the fact that there is a maximum speed in the Universe. That is, from the limit of the speed of light in a vacuum...
Topics: periodic system, chemical element, speed of light, Feynmanium.
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Aug 25, 2020 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
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A three-center two-electron bond is such a chemical bond when a pair of electrons is localized in the space between three atoms. A classic example is the structure of diborane B - H – B...
Topics: chemical bond, three centre two electron bond, bond order.
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Aug 25, 2020 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
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This is the energy density of the chemical bond (linear). Literally. But first, we clarify that the term “bond order” is used in the theory of molecular orbitals, where there is a certain algorithm for determining the bond order...
Topics: the chemical bond, the energy density, bond order.
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Aug 25, 2020 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
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No, it doesn't exist. Its existence is contrary to quantum mechanics. More precisely, quantization of energy according to Planck. This can easily be proved using organic chemistry (infrared spectroscopy) and quantum mechanics...   we can conclude: gravitational waves are electromagnetic waves of giant length.
Topics: dark matter, infrared spectroscopy.
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Aug 22, 2020 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
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Using the particle-wave dualism of microparticles, it is strictly shown that the Universe has a limiting speed of movement of elementary particles, which is equal to the speed of light in vacuum. Since all material bodies are composed of microparticles, therefore, no object in the Universe can move faster than the speed of light. Further, using the limit of the speed of light in the Universe, the photometric and gravitational paradoxes are explained (Olbers' and Bentley's paradoxes). 
Topics: Particle-Wave Dualism, Elementary Particle, Limiting Speed of Motion in the Universe, Speed of...
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Aug 20, 2020 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
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The process of the rapid origin of life on Earth is analyzed, taking into account the evolution of our Sun (the beginning of thermonuclear reactions). Given the knowledge about DNA, viruses and the structure of bacteria, it is concluded that the origin of life on Earth was initiated from the outside. Further, using space chemistry, it is shown that spontaneous assembly of DNA/RNA molecules can occur on particles of interstellar and intergalactic dust. Therefore, when favorable conditions are...
Topics: Origin of Life on Earth, Cosmological DNA Synthesis, Interstellar and Intergalactic Dust, the PAH...
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Aug 17, 2020 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
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It is shown that in black holes, baryonic matter is converted into quark-gluon plasma. A black hole consists of a small core (“drop” from QGP) and a large gravitational radius. In small black holes, the radius of the core of the quark-gluon plasma will be equal to the gravitational radius. In large black holes, the radius of the QGP core will be much less than the gravitational radius. Therefore, Hawking radiation should be sought near small black holes. The minimum mass of a black hole,...
Topics: Black Hole, Quark-Gluon Plasma, Phase Diagram of Hadronic Matter, Gravitational Radius, Minimum...
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Apr 29, 2020 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych.
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Quantization is a consequence of the presence of inertia in elementary particles. That is, the cause of quantization is mass, or more generally energy.   DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.2.17608.67849 
Topics: Quantization, quantum mechanics, Maxwell–Boltzmann distribution.
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Apr 6, 2020 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
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         A three-center two-electron bond is such a chemical bond when a pair of electrons is localized in the space between three atoms. Therefore, from a classical point of view, it is not easy to explain why a pair of electrons “serves” three nuclei at once. But, everything changes if we recall that the chemical bond is a standing de Broglie wave. Naturally, the energy of these oscillations is quantized according to Planck, that is, according to the formula ( E = h * γ)....
Topics: Three-center two-electron chemical bond, diborane.
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Mar 4, 2020 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
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  Using energy quantization according to Planck and de Broglie wave-particle duality, the Einstein mass and energy equivalence formula is theoretically rigorously derived. The conclusion of this formula is also given on the basis of the concepts of classical physics and the principle of mass equivalence. It is shown that the equivalence of invariant and gravitational masses in the microworld manifests itself as the duality of the wave and particle, which expresses the equivalence of kinetic...
Topics: Planck Energy Quantization, Einstein’s Formula of Mass–Energy Equivalence, de Broglie...
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Dec 22, 2019 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
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Using the law of conservation of energy-momentum and the postulate of the constancy of the speed of light, the dependences for the length of the electromagnetic wave with red and blue shift when the Doppler effect are derived. Moreover, using this approach, general formulas for the gravitational shift (red and blue) are derived, and the Compton effect is explained from these positions. It is also shown that for any redshift, galaxies will always have a speed lower than the speed of light in a...
Topics: The Doppler Effect, the Law of Conservation of Energy-Momentum, Red and Blue Shift, Gravitational...
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Dec 8, 2019 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
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The process of the origin of life is analyzed on the basis of "self-assembly" of DNA and RNA molecules. The minimum amounts of various DNA/RNA molecules that are necessary for the nucleation and evolution of the biosphere as a whole are calculated, since life is an integral property. A cybernetic theory of evolution is presented, which considers DNA as a genetic program of an organism written in a binary system. The stages of evolution of the biosphere are given, with the calculation...
Topics: The Origin of Life and the Fermi Paradox, “Self-Assembly” of DNA and RNA Molecules, Cybernetic...
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Oct 14, 2019 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych.
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It is shown that the amount of organic compounds is uncountable infinite set. Uncountable infinite sets is also the number of substances in one homologous series, the number of homologous series themselves, as well as the number of functional groups. Obviously, the carbon form of life has literally countless organic substances for the origin of life. It can be shown that the probability origin life in the infinite Universe is equal to one. It can also be shown that using the encoding of genetic...
Topics: amount of organic compounds, homologous series, isomers, functional group, “alkane DNA”,...
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Oct 8, 2019 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych
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It turns out that the amount of organic matters is an uncountable infinite set. Moreover, uncountable infinite sets are the number of substances in one homologous series, the number of homologous series themselves, as well as the number of functional groups. Obviously, only such an unimaginable amount of organic matters can provide the origin of life.
Topics: amount of organic matters, homologous series, isomers, functional group.
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Oct 8, 2019 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych
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The MO method for N2+ gives the bond order equal to 2.5. But...
Topics: bond order, MO method, N2+
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Oct 4, 2019 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych.
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It is shown why the probability of occurrence of life in the infinite Universe is equal to one.
Topics: Probability of occurrence of life, infinite Universe, P(life) → 0.
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Sep 21, 2019 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
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The mechanism of neutrino oscillations, which are the result of the Compton effect, that is, the scattering of CMB photons by neutrinos, is investigated. The scattering of highenergy photons by neutrinos leads to the formation of neutrons, which opens the way to the synthesis of baryonic matter in the Universe and restores the dynamic model of the stationary Universe. Confirmation of the stationary model of the Universe is the fact of the scattering of galaxies, which in fact is a consequence...
Topics: Neutrino Oscillations, Compton Effect, Neutrino Mass, Dynamical Model of the Stationary Universe,...
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Sep 21, 2019 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
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It is shown that the CMB actually refutes the Big Bang theory, since it is an absolute coordinate system, and this is impossible according to A. Einstein's STR. Moreover, a prediction is made about the change in the CMB map over time, since the CMB depends on the gravitational potential at a given point, and taking into account the movement of our galaxy in the Universe, it (potential) will change. Similarly, the concept of “nothing” is analyzed, which is used to explain the expansion of...
Topics: Cosmic Microwave Background (CMB), Einstein's STR, “Nothing”, Zeno Paradoxes, Expansion of the...
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Sep 21, 2019 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
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Using the idea of de Broglie oscillations in elementary particles, for example, in an electron, it is easy to obtain quantitative values of the magnetic moment of an electron and the electron spin. Based on the oscillations the gyromagnetic ratio is logically explained. The calculations presented in the work once again confirm the reality of the existence of a periodic process in elementary particles, that is, de Broglie oscillations.
Topics: De Broglie Oscillations, De Broglie Wave, Electron Spin, Electron Magnetic Moment, Compton Electron...
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Aug 11, 2019 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
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In this work a more accurate interpretation of de Broglie waves as interval waves is given, i.e., spatio-temporal waves. Also given a strict derivation of the Heisenberg's uncertainty principle from the de Broglie interval wave, that is, from wave-particle duality, is given. Proven that that the uncertainty principle expresses the fact that in the microworld our concepts (length, time, etc.) are not fundamental, and therefore they can change in a certain way. The problem of the radius of an...
Topics: Heisenberg's uncertainty principle, de Broglie interval wave, wave-particle duality, interval,...
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Jun 30, 2019 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych
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Newton's gravity in a generalized form. See more http://vixra.org/pdf/1906.0563v2.pdf  (Newton's Gravity Depending on the Topology of Space).
Topic: Newton's gravity (in a generalized form).
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Jun 30, 2019 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych
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Newton's relativistic law of gravity. See more http://vixra.org/pdf/1906.0563v2.pdf  (Newton's Gravity Depending on the Topology of Space).
Topic: Newton's relativistic law of gravity.
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Jun 30, 2019 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych
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Speeds of stars in galaxies. See more http://vixra.org/pdf/1906.0563v2.pdf  (Newton's Gravity Depending on the Topology of Space).
Topic: Speeds of stars in galaxies.
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Jun 30, 2019 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych
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Hubble–Lemaître Law. See more http://vixra.org/pdf/1906.0563v2.pdf   (Newton's Gravity Depending on the Topology of Space).
Topic: Hubble–Lemaître Law.
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Jun 29, 2019 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
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Taking into account the fact that gravity is a curvature of 3D space, it can be represented as a conic section. And this leads to the formulation of the law of I. Newton’s law in a general form, depending on the topology of space, which makes it possible to theoretically derive the speeds of the stars in galaxies. The theoretical derivation of the Hubble–Lemaître law is also given, and the relativistic form of the law of I. Newton is derived (in a generalized form).  Explained relation...
Topics: I. Newton's Law of Gravity, the Topology of Space, the Movement of Stars in Galaxies, the...
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Apr 7, 2019 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
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This paper discusses the wave description in biology, chemistry and economics. Using quantum mechanics to study social processes, it was shown that the economic waves of N. Kondratiev are theoretically derived from the quantum theory of the development of science and society. The use of Heisenberg’s uncertainty principle for social phenomena shows that the development of society is conceptually probabilistic in nature and cannot be strictly predicted in principle (given the mathematical...
Topics: The Quantum Theory of the Development of Science and Society, the Big Kondratiev Waves, Fundamental...
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Feb 25, 2019 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
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The theory of hybridization of atomic orbitals of L. Pauling is analyzed using the principle of quantum superposition. It is shown that the principle of quantum superposition, and therefore quantum mechanics as a whole, is in insurmountable contradiction with the theory of hybridization of atomic orbitals. Since the concept of σ- and π-bonds automatically follows from the theory of hybridization, the classical chemical description of single, double and triple bonds (based on σ- and π-bonds)...
Topics: The Theory of Hybridization of Atomic Orbitals of L. Pauling, Principle of Quantum Superposition,...
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Feb 17, 2019 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
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Using gravitational field lag effect we can explain why the Milky Way galaxy has a curved shape of a “Chair”. Galaxies what having the form of a flat disk due to the effect of the field lag have an increased energy of gravitational interaction, to reduce this energy, galaxies take a curved shape of the “Galaxy-Chair”. This phenomenon resembles a decrease in energy in the cyclohexane molecule, where the most stable conformation is also the “Chair” conformation, which is almost...
Topics: Gravitational Field Lag Effect, Milky Way Galaxy, Cepheids, Conformations of the Cyclohexane...
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Feb 17, 2019 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
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The formation of the chemical bond is considered from the general theoretical standpoint as the interaction of different fermions. It is shown that using the modern classical concepts of chemical bond, it is impossible to obtain (strictly theoretically) a physical justification of the cause of the formation of a chemical bond. The shows the inapplicability of the Pauli principle to chemical bond and a new theoretical model of the chemical bond is proposed based on the Heisenberg uncertainty...
Topics: Fermion, Three-Electron Bond, Chemical Bond and A. Einstein's Special Theory of Relativity,...
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Feb 2, 2019 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych.
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It a good visualization of the boiling of electron-positron pairs, which always occurs in chemical bonding with any multiplicity. We got a beautiful "quantum-mechanical pattern" of a benzene molecule with a three-electron bond. I really like :), because it really conveys the meaning ...
Topics: Benzene, Three-Electron Bond, Chemical Bond, Visualization of the Boiling of Electron-Positron...
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Feb 2, 2019 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych.
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It a good visualization of the boiling of electron-positron pairs, which always occurs in chemical bonding with any multiplicity. We got a beautiful "quantum-mechanical pattern" of a benzene molecule with a three-electron bond. I really like :), because it really conveys the meaning ... "...Therefore, in the field of chemical bonding, in this case, an electron can not be regarded as a "point object", since it (an electron) will spend part of its time in the state...
Topics: Benzene, Three-Electron Bond, Chemical Bond, Visualization of the Boiling of Electron-Positron Pairs
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Dec 30, 2018 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
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The  wave-particle duality  of elementary particles is analyzed using the principle of quantum superposition (PQS). It is shown that the elementary particle can no longer be regarded as a corpuscle (or as a material point), but also it cannot be regarded as a wave. A real elementary particle, for example, an electron, is a phenomenon of a higher level in which both the corpuscle and the wave are only particular manifestations of the complex internal structure of the particle. Using the...
Topics: principle of quantum superposition, wave-particle duality, Louis de Broglie oscillatory hypothesis,...
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Dec 25, 2018 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
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A  new theory  is proposed here a cosmological gamma ray bursts . In black holes, the matter annihilates with the formation of virtual photons (bosons), due to the lag of the gravitational field effect. The effect of the lag of the gravitational field leads to an increase in the speed of rotation of the black hole. But, since the rotation speed cannot exceed the speed of light in a vacuum, then at a certain “deformation” of the space-time continuum, inevitably begins the annihilation of...
Topics: cosmological gamma ray bursts, black holes, gravitational field lag effect, galaxy, virtual...
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Jun 11, 2018 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
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Theoretical neutrino mass value of 1.616 * 10^(-37) kg or 9.065 * 10^(-2) eV, which is consistent with the earlier made boundary predictions. Therefore, we are waiting for experimental confirmation :). Yes, the neutrino has a mass, and now we will try to predict it quite accurately. For this we need to remember a little chemistry. For further explanation, we quote. “It is more interesting to consider what happens to an electron in a region with linear dimensions smaller than the Compton...
Topics: principle of constancy and finiteness of the speed of gravitational interaction, dark matter, field...
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Wave–particle duality and the principle of quantum superposition. Note that at the moment we do not have a complete understanding of what an elementary particle is (for example, an electron or a photon). And it is precisely this ignorance that multiplies the various interpretations of quantum mechanics that have nothing in common with objective reality, and which "connect" the observer and our reality and their "interaction" among themselves (the "influence" of...
Topics: benzene, three-electron bond, semi-virtual particle, fermion, entangled quantum state, Interfering...
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May 12, 2018 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
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   One-electron bond in He2+. And He2 + and H2 + are equally stable, because they are connected by a one-electron bond: compare the bond energies and the bond length (see page 262 L. Pauling, Nature of the chemical bond/translation from English by M. E. Dyatkina, edited by Prof. Ya. K. Syrkin. M. L .: GNTI Chemical Literature, 1947): E (He2 +) = 58 kcal/mole E (H2 +) = 61 kcal/mole L (He2 +) = 1.09 Å L (H2 +) = 1.06 Å The helium atom has 2 electrons and one energy level (1S). Therefore in...
Topics: One-electron bond, He2+, three-electron bond, helium.
   One-electron bond in He2+. And He2 + and H2 + are equally stable, because they are connected by a one-electron bond: compare the bond energies and the bond length (see page 262 L. Pauling, Nature of the chemical bond/translation from English by M. E. Dyatkina, edited by Prof. Ya. K. Syrkin. M. L .: GNTI Chemical Literature, 1947): E (He2 +) = 58 kcal/mole E (H2 +) = 61 kcal/mole L (He2 +) = 1.09 Å L (H2 +) = 1.06 Å The helium atom has 2 electrons and one energy level (1S). Therefore in...
Topics: benzene, three-electron bond, the Pauli exclusion principle, Heisenberg's uncertainty principle,...
    One-electron bond in He2+. And He2 + and H2 + are equally stable, because they are connected by a one-electron bond: compare the bond energies and the bond length (see page 262 L. Pauling, Nature of the chemical bond/translation from English by M. E. Dyatkina, edited by Prof. Ya. K. Syrkin. M. L .: GNTI Chemical Literature, 1947): E (He2 +) = 58 kcal/mole E (H2 +) = 61 kcal/mole L (He2 +) = 1.09 Å L (H2 +) = 1.06 Å The helium atom has 2 electrons and one energy level (1S). Therefore in...
Topics: benzene, three-electron bond, the Pauli exclusion principle, Heisenberg's uncertainty principle,...
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Apr 8, 2017 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
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  One-electron bond in He2+. And He2 + and H2 + are equally stable, because they are connected by a one-electron bond: compare the bond energies and the bond length (see page 262 L. Pauling, Nature of the chemical bond/translation from English by M. E. Dyatkina, edited by Prof. Ya. K. Syrkin. M. L .: GNTI Chemical Literature, 1947): E (He2 +) = 58 kcal/mole E (H2 +) = 61 kcal/mole L (He2 +) = 1.09 Å L (H2 +) = 1.06 Å The helium atom has 2 electrons and one energy level (1S). Therefore in He2...
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Topics: The method of molecular orbitals, linear combination of atomic orbitals, valence bonds method, the...
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Feb 27, 2017 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
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The L. Pauling's resonance theory analyzed using principle of quantum superposition, that is the principle of superposition "wave function", which is the main positive principle of quantum mechanics. The principle of quantum superposition is essentially a basic property of the wave function. By example of benzene molecule is shown that the principle of quantum superposition, and hence the quantum mechanics in general is in insurmountable conflict with the resonance theory. It is...
Topics: benzene, theory of resonance, quantum mechanics, principle of quantum superposition, superposition...
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Dec 2, 2016 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych
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Abstract: Using the concept of three-electron bond we can represent the actual electron structure of benzene and other molecules, explain specificity of the aromatic bond and calculate the delocalization energy. Gives theoretical justification and experimental confirmation of existence of the three-electron bond. It was shown, that functional relation y = a + b/x + c/x^2 fully describes dependence of energy and multiplicity of chemical bond from bond distance. Keywords: benzene, three-electron...
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Topics: benzene, three-electron bond, semi-virtual particle, fermion, entangled quantum state, Interfering...
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Benzene with three-electron bond. W.O. Kermak and R. Robinson, J. J. Thomson. I note that the three-electron bond to describe the benzene molecule used even W.O. Kermak, R. Robinson and J. J. Thomson at the beginning of the 20th century. Here are links to their works: 1. Thomson, J. J. Philosophical Magazine, 1921, 41, 510-538. 2. W.O. Kermak and R. Robinson, J. Chem. Soc. 427 (1922). But since it is not taken into account the spin of electrons, we have already started cyclooctatetraene...
Topics: benzene, three-electron bond
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Jul 2, 2016 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych
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The present work shows the inapplicability of the Pauli principle to chemical bond, and a new theoretical model of the chemical bond is proposed based on the Heisenberg uncertainty principle.  See pp. 88 - 104 Review (135 pages, full version). Benzene on the Basis of the Three-Electron Bond. (The Pauli exclusion principle, Heisenberg's uncertainty principle and chemical bond).   http://vixra.org/pdf/1710.0326v3.pdf Benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond: Review (135 pages, full...
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Topics: three-electron bond, interaction through the cycle, spin, delocalization energy, bond energy, bond...
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Jul 1, 2016 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych
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The present work shows the inapplicability of the Pauli principle to chemical bond, and a new theoretical model of the chemical bond is proposed based on the Heisenberg uncertainty principle.  See pp. 88 - 104 Review (135 pages, full version). Benzene on the Basis of the Three-Electron Bond. (The Pauli exclusion principle, Heisenberg's uncertainty principle and chemical bond).   http://vixra.org/pdf/1710.0326v3.pdf Benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond: Review (135 pages, full...
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Topics: three-electron bond, interaction through the cycle, spin, delocalization energy, bond energy, bond...
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Apr 22, 2016 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
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The present work shows the inapplicability of the Pauli principle to chemical bond, and a new theoretical model of the chemical bond is proposed based on the Heisenberg uncertainty principle.  See pp. 88 - 104 Review (135 pages, full version). Benzene on the Basis of the Three-Electron Bond. (The Pauli exclusion principle, Heisenberg's uncertainty principle and chemical bond).   http://vixra.org/pdf/1710.0326v3.pdf Benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond: Review (135 pages, full...
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Topics: three-electron bond, chemical bond, fermion, spin, semi-virtual particle, entangled quantum state,...
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Apr 17, 2016 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych, Bezverkhniy Vitaliy Volodymyrovich.
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Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (viXra): http://vixra.org/author/bezverkhniy_volodymyr_dmytrovych Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (Scribd): https://www.scribd.com/user/289277020/Bezverkhniy-Volodymyr#  https://www.amazon.com/Volodymyr-Bezverkhniy/e/B01I41EHHS/ref=dp_byline_cont_ebooks_1 Д оказана невозможность существования больших ароматических моноциклов на основании взаимодействия трёхэлектронных...
Topics: трёхэлектронная связь, химическая связь, фермион,...
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Apr 2, 2016 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych
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 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (viXra):   http://vixra.org/author/bezverkhniy_volodymyr_dmytrovych   http://vixra.org/pdf/1710.0326v4.pdf   https://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3065288 https://papers.ssrn.com/sol3/cf_dev/AbsByAuth.cfm?per_id=2828345  Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (Scribd): https://www.scribd.com/user/289277020/Bezverkhniy-Volodymyr# https://www.amazon.com/Volodymyr-Bezverkhniy/e/B01I41EHHS/ref=dp_byline_cont_ebooks_1 The present work shows the inapplicability of the Pauli principle to...
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Topics: benzene, three-electron bond, spin
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Mar 30, 2016 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych
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Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (viXra): http://vixra.org/author/bezverkhniy_volodymyr_dmytrovych Nothing prohibits to give a definition of the multiplicity of bond: the multiplicity of bond is the energy of bond expressed in dimensionless units. It is easy to show,  that relation multiplicity = f(L) and Е = f(L), where multiplicity is multiplicity of bond,  L – length of bond in Å, Е – energy of bond in kj/mole will be described by function  y = a + b/x + c/x² for any types of bond (C-N, C-O,...
Topics: multiplicity, energy, function, C-N, C-O, C-S, N-N, N-O, O-O, C-P, y = a + b/x + c/x²
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Mar 30, 2016 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych
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Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (viXra): http://vixra.org/author/bezverkhniy_volodymyr_dmytrovych Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (Scribd): https://www.scribd.com/user/289277020/Bezverkhniy-Volodymyr# https://www.amazon.com/Volodymyr-Bezverkhniy/e/B01I41EHHS/ref=dp_byline_cont_ebooks_1 Можна легко показати, що залежності кратність = f(L) і Е = f(L), де кратність – кратність зв’язку, L – довжина зв’язку в Å, Е –...
Topics: кратність, енергія, функція, C-N, C-O, C-S, N-N, N-O, O-O, C-P, y = a + b/x...
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Mar 29, 2016 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych
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  One-electron bond in He2+. And He2 + and H2 + are equally stable, because they are connected by a one-electron bond: compare the bond energies and the bond length (see page 262 L. Pauling, Nature of the chemical bond/translation from English by M. E. Dyatkina, edited by Prof. Ya. K. Syrkin. M. L .: GNTI Chemical Literature, 1947): E (He2 +) = 58 kcal/mole E (H2 +) = 61 kcal/mole L (He2 +) = 1.09 Å L (H2 +) = 1.06 Å The helium atom has 2 electrons and one energy level (1S). Therefore in He2...
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Topics: benzene, three-electron bond, interaction through the cycle, spin, delocalization energy, bond...
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We can check experimentally: if the three-electron bond and interaction through the cycle are real, then it logically follows the bending real chemical bond density in benzene into benzene. It is important that the maximum density of the chemical bond will be shifted to the center of the benzene cycle link, which is what we are seeing in the atomic force microscopy images (AFM) pentacene.  Analysis of images made in techniques of atomic force microscopy (AFM) of high resolution in pentacene...
Topics: three-electron bond, benzene, semi-virtual particle, fermion, pentacene, AFM images
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Mar 25, 2016 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych
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The present work shows the inapplicability of the Pauli principle to chemical bond, and a new theoretical model of the chemical bond is proposed based on the Heisenberg uncertainty principle.  See pp. 88 - 104 Review (135 pages, full version). Benzene on the Basis of the Three-Electron Bond. (The Pauli exclusion principle, Heisenberg's uncertainty principle and chemical bond).   http://vixra.org/pdf/1710.0326v3.pdf Benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond: Review (135 pages, full...
Topics: benzene, three-electron bond, concept of three-electron bond
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Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (viXra): http://vixra.org/author/bezverkhniy_volodymyr_dmytrovych Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (Scribd): https://www.scribd.com/user/289277020/Bezverkhniy-Volodymyr# https://www.amazon.com/Volodymyr-Bezverkhniy/e/B01I41EHHS/ref=dp_byline_cont_ebooks_1 benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond, E = a + b/L + c/L² equation coefficients for some types of bonds
Topics: benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond, E = a + b/L + c/L² equation coefficients for some...
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Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (viXra): http://vixra.org/author/bezverkhniy_volodymyr_dmytrovych Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (Scribd): https://www.scribd.com/user/289277020/Bezverkhniy-Volodymyr# https://www.amazon.com/Volodymyr-Bezverkhniy/e/B01I41EHHS/ref=dp_byline_cont_ebooks_1 benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond, multiplicity = a + b/L + c/L² equation coefficients for some types of bonds
Topics: benzene, three-electron bond, multiplicity = a + b/L + c/L² equation coefficients for some types...
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Mar 25, 2016 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych
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Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (viXra): http://vixra.org/author/bezverkhniy_volodymyr_dmytrovych Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (Scribd): https://www.scribd.com/user/289277020/Bezverkhniy-Volodymyr# https://www.amazon.com/Volodymyr-Bezverkhniy/e/B01I41EHHS/ref=dp_byline_cont_ebooks_1 benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond, equation. Let us find by the method of selection the function y = a + b/x + c/x^2 describing the  dependence multiplicity = f(L) and E = f(L) in best way, in general this function...
Topics: benzene, equation, three-electron bond
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Mar 25, 2016 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych
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Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (viXra): http://vixra.org/author/bezverkhniy_volodymyr_dmytrovych Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (Scribd): https://www.scribd.com/user/289277020/Bezverkhniy-Volodymyr# https://www.amazon.com/Volodymyr-Bezverkhniy/e/B01I41EHHS/ref=dp_byline_cont_ebooks_1 benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond, nitrogen dioxide, nitrite anion
Topics: benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond, nitrogen dioxide, nitrite anion
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Mar 25, 2016 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych
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Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (viXra): http://vixra.org/author/bezverkhniy_volodymyr_dmytrovych Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (Scribd): https://www.scribd.com/user/289277020/Bezverkhniy-Volodymyr# https://www.amazon.com/Volodymyr-Bezverkhniy/e/B01I41EHHS/ref=dp_byline_cont_ebooks_1 benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond, purine, furan, thiophene, pyrrole
Topics: benzene, three-electron bond, purine, furan, thiophene, pyrrole
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Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (viXra): http://vixra.org/author/bezverkhniy_volodymyr_dmytrovych Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (Scribd): https://www.scribd.com/user/289277020/Bezverkhniy-Volodymyr# https://www.amazon.com/Volodymyr-Bezverkhniy/e/B01I41EHHS/ref=dp_byline_cont_ebooks_1 benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond, alyle cation, nitrate anion, carbonate anion, sulfate anion, ozone
Topics: benzene, three-electron bond, alyle cation, nitrate anion, carbonate anion, sulfate anion, ozone
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Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (viXra): http://vixra.org/author/bezverkhniy_volodymyr_dmytrovych Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (Scribd): https://www.scribd.com/user/289277020/Bezverkhniy-Volodymyr# https://www.amazon.com/Volodymyr-Bezverkhniy/e/B01I41EHHS/ref=dp_byline_cont_ebooks_1 benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond, nitrate anion, carbonate anion, sulfate anion, ozone
Topics: benzene, three-electron bond, nitrate anion, carbonate anion, sulfate anion, ozone
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Mar 25, 2016 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych
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Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (viXra): http://vixra.org/author/bezverkhniy_volodymyr_dmytrovych Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (Scribd): https://www.scribd.com/user/289277020/Bezverkhniy-Volodymyr# https://www.amazon.com/Volodymyr-Bezverkhniy/e/B01I41EHHS/ref=dp_byline_cont_ebooks_1 benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond, sodium acetoacetic ether, alyle cation
Topics: benzene, three-electron bond, sodium acetoacetic ether, alyle cation
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Mar 25, 2016 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych
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Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (viXra): http://vixra.org/author/bezverkhniy_volodymyr_dmytrovych Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (Scribd): https://www.scribd.com/user/289277020/Bezverkhniy-Volodymyr# https://www.amazon.com/Volodymyr-Bezverkhniy/e/B01I41EHHS/ref=dp_byline_cont_ebooks_1 benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond, guanidinium cation, sodium malon ether
Topics: benzene, three-electron bond, guanidinium cation, sodium malon ether
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Mar 25, 2016 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych
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Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (viXra): http://vixra.org/author/bezverkhniy_volodymyr_dmytrovych Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (Scribd): https://www.scribd.com/user/289277020/Bezverkhniy-Volodymyr# https://www.amazon.com/Volodymyr-Bezverkhniy/e/B01I41EHHS/ref=dp_byline_cont_ebooks_1 benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond,  isoquinoline, indole, purine
Topics: benzene, three-electron bond, isoquinoline, indole, purine
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Mar 25, 2016 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych
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Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (viXra): http://vixra.org/author/bezverkhniy_volodymyr_dmytrovych Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (Scribd): https://www.scribd.com/user/289277020/Bezverkhniy-Volodymyr# https://www.amazon.com/Volodymyr-Bezverkhniy/e/B01I41EHHS/ref=dp_byline_cont_ebooks_1 benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond, 1,3,5-triazine, quinoline
Topics: benzene, three-electron bond, 1, 3, 5-triazine, quinoline
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Mar 25, 2016 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych
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Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (viXra): http://vixra.org/author/bezverkhniy_volodymyr_dmytrovych Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (Scribd): https://www.scribd.com/user/289277020/Bezverkhniy-Volodymyr# https://www.amazon.com/Volodymyr-Bezverkhniy/e/B01I41EHHS/ref=dp_byline_cont_ebooks_1 benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond,  pyrimidine, pyridazine, pyrazine
Topics: benzene, three-electron bond, pyrimidine, pyridazine, pyrazine
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Mar 25, 2016 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych
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Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (viXra): http://vixra.org/author/bezverkhniy_volodymyr_dmytrovych Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (Scribd): https://www.scribd.com/user/289277020/Bezverkhniy-Volodymyr# https://www.amazon.com/Volodymyr-Bezverkhniy/e/B01I41EHHS/ref=dp_byline_cont_ebooks_1   benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond,  amide, thioamide, urea, thiourea
Topics: benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond, amide, thioamide, urea, thiourea
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Mar 25, 2016 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych
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Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (viXra): http://vixra.org/author/bezverkhniy_volodymyr_dmytrovych Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (Scribd): https://www.scribd.com/user/289277020/Bezverkhniy-Volodymyr# https://www.amazon.com/Volodymyr-Bezverkhniy/e/B01I41EHHS/ref=dp_byline_cont_ebooks_1 benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond, nitro compounds, sulfonate anion
Topics: benzene, three-electron bond, nitro compounds, sulfonate anion
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Mar 25, 2016 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych
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Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (viXra): http://vixra.org/author/bezverkhniy_volodymyr_dmytrovych Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (Scribd): https://www.scribd.com/user/289277020/Bezverkhniy-Volodymyr# https://www.amazon.com/Volodymyr-Bezverkhniy/e/B01I41EHHS/ref=dp_byline_cont_ebooks_1 benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond, isoquinoline, indole
Topics: benzene, three-electron bond, isoquinoline, indole
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Mar 25, 2016 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych
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Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (viXra): http://vixra.org/author/bezverkhniy_volodymyr_dmytrovych Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (Scribd): https://www.scribd.com/user/289277020/Bezverkhniy-Volodymyr# https://www.amazon.com/Volodymyr-Bezverkhniy/e/B01I41EHHS/ref=dp_byline_cont_ebooks_1 benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond, pyridine
Topics: benzene, three-electron bond, pyridine
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Mar 25, 2016 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych
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Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (viXra): http://vixra.org/author/bezverkhniy_volodymyr_dmytrovych Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (Scribd): https://www.scribd.com/user/289277020/Bezverkhniy-Volodymyr# https://www.amazon.com/Volodymyr-Bezverkhniy/e/B01I41EHHS/ref=dp_byline_cont_ebooks_1 benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond, nitro compounds, sulfonate anion
Topics: benzene, three-electron bond, nitro compounds, sulfonate anion
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Mar 25, 2016 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych
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Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (viXra): http://vixra.org/author/bezverkhniy_volodymyr_dmytrovych Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (Scribd): https://www.scribd.com/user/289277020/Bezverkhniy-Volodymyr# https://www.amazon.com/Volodymyr-Bezverkhniy/e/B01I41EHHS/ref=dp_byline_cont_ebooks_1 benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond, cyclopentadienyle anion, carboxylate anion
Topics: benzene, three-electron bond, cyclopentadienyle anion, carboxylate anion
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Mar 25, 2016 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych
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Topics: benzene, three-electron bond, 1, 2, 4-triazole, 1H-1, 2, 3-triazole
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Mar 25, 2016 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych
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Topics: benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond, oxazole, thiazole, imidazole, pyrazole
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Mar 25, 2016 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych
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Topics: benzene, three-electron bond, furan, thiophene, pyrrole
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Mar 25, 2016 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych
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Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (viXra): http://vixra.org/author/bezverkhniy_volodymyr_dmytrovych Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (Scribd): https://www.scribd.com/user/289277020/Bezverkhniy-Volodymyr# https://www.amazon.com/Volodymyr-Bezverkhniy/e/B01I41EHHS/ref=dp_byline_cont_ebooks_1 benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond, [18]-annulene. By the example of [18]-annulene it is possible to illustrate interaction through the cycle  of central electrons of three-electron bonds. Interacting through the...
Topics: benzene, three-electron bond, [18]-annulene
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Mar 25, 2016 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych
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Topics: benzene, three-electron bond, phenanthrene, coronene
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Mar 25, 2016 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych
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The present work shows the inapplicability of the Pauli principle to chemical bond, and a new theoretical model of the chemical bond is proposed based on the Heisenberg uncertainty principle.  See pp. 88 - 104 Review (135 pages, full version). Benzene on the Basis of the Three-Electron Bond. (The Pauli exclusion principle, Heisenberg's uncertainty principle and chemical bond).   http://vixra.org/pdf/1710.0326v3.pdf Notes on the chemical bond. If we analyze the formation of the chemical bond...
Topics: benzene, three-electron bond, naphthalene, anthracene
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Mar 25, 2016 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych
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Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (viXra): http://vixra.org/author/bezverkhniy_volodymyr_dmytrovych Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (Scribd): https://www.scribd.com/user/289277020/Bezverkhniy-Volodymyr# https://www.amazon.com/Volodymyr-Bezverkhniy/e/B01I41EHHS/ref=dp_byline_cont_ebooks_1 benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond, 244.5756 kj/mole (58.416 kcal/mole). It is clear that the three interactions through the cycle present precisely the working  benzene delocalization energy which is: E = 3E1 = 3 ∙...
Topics: benzene, three-electron bond
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Mar 25, 2016 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych
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Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (viXra): http://vixra.org/author/bezverkhniy_volodymyr_dmytrovych Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (Scribd): https://www.scribd.com/user/289277020/Bezverkhniy-Volodymyr# https://www.amazon.com/Volodymyr-Bezverkhniy/e/B01I41EHHS/ref=dp_byline_cont_ebooks_1 benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond, ethane, ethylene, acetylene. As we observe, the distance between central electrons 1 and 2 and 1 and 6 of the  benzene molecule is approximately equal to that between carbon atoms in...
Topics: benzene, ethane, ethylene, acetylene, three-electron bond, spin
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Mar 25, 2016 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych
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Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (viXra): http://vixra.org/author/bezverkhniy_volodymyr_dmytrovych Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (Scribd): https://www.scribd.com/user/289277020/Bezverkhniy-Volodymyr# https://www.amazon.com/Volodymyr-Bezverkhniy/e/B01I41EHHS/ref=dp_byline_cont_ebooks_1 benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond, distance
Topics: benzene, three-electron bond
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Mar 25, 2016 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych
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The present work shows the inapplicability of the Pauli principle to chemical bond, and a new theoretical model of the chemical bond is proposed based on the Heisenberg uncertainty principle.  See pp. 88 - 104 Review (135 pages, full version). Benzene on the Basis of the Three-Electron Bond. (The Pauli exclusion principle, Heisenberg's uncertainty principle and chemical bond).   http://vixra.org/pdf/1710.0326v3.pdf Benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond: Review (135 pages, full...
Topics: benzene, three-electron bond, graphite.
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Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (viXra): http://vixra.org/author/bezverkhniy_volodymyr_dmytrovych Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (Scribd): https://www.scribd.com/user/289277020/Bezverkhniy-Volodymyr# https://www.amazon.com/Volodymyr-Bezverkhniy/e/B01I41EHHS/ref=dp_byline_cont_ebooks_1 We can check experimentally: if the three-electron bond and interaction through the cycle are real, then it logically follows the bending real chemical bond density in benzene into benzene. It is important that the maximum density...
Topics: Three-electron bond, benzene, semi-virtual particle, fermion, pentacene, AFM images
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Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (viXra): http://vixra.org/author/bezverkhniy_volodymyr_dmytrovych Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (Scribd): https://www.scribd.com/user/289277020/Bezverkhniy-Volodymyr# https://www.amazon.com/Volodymyr-Bezverkhniy/e/B01I41EHHS/ref=dp_byline_cont_ebooks_1 benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond, E = a + b/L + c/L² equation coefficients for some types of bonds
Topics: benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond, E = a + b/L + c/L² equation coefficients for some...
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Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (viXra): http://vixra.org/author/bezverkhniy_volodymyr_dmytrovych Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (Scribd): https://www.scribd.com/user/289277020/Bezverkhniy-Volodymyr# https://www.amazon.com/Volodymyr-Bezverkhniy/e/B01I41EHHS/ref=dp_byline_cont_ebooks_1 benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond, multiplicity = a + b/L + c/L² equation coefficients for some types of bonds
Topics: benzene, three-electron bond, multiplicity = a + b/L + c/L² equation coefficients for some types...
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Mar 22, 2016 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych
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Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (viXra): http://vixra.org/author/bezverkhniy_volodymyr_dmytrovych Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (Scribd): https://www.scribd.com/user/289277020/Bezverkhniy-Volodymyr# https://www.amazon.com/Volodymyr-Bezverkhniy/e/B01I41EHHS/ref=dp_byline_cont_ebooks_1 benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond, urea. Look at the picture which shows the urea molecule with the calculations. The multiplicity of C-N bonds in the molecule of urea - 1.686. Think, this mean the C athom connected...
Topics: benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond, urea
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Mar 22, 2016 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych
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Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (viXra): http://vixra.org/author/bezverkhniy_volodymyr_dmytrovych Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (Scribd): https://www.scribd.com/user/289277020/Bezverkhniy-Volodymyr# https://www.amazon.com/Volodymyr-Bezverkhniy/e/B01I41EHHS/ref=dp_byline_cont_ebooks_1 benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond, graphite. From these equations we find: c–c benzene multiplicity (L = 1.397 Å) = 1.658 c–c graphite multiplicity (L = 1.42 Å) = 1.538 ≈ 1.54 Ec–c benzene (L = 1.397 Å) =...
Topics: benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond, graphite
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Mar 22, 2016 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych
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Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (viXra): http://vixra.org/author/bezverkhniy_volodymyr_dmytrovych Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (Scribd): https://www.scribd.com/user/289277020/Bezverkhniy-Volodymyr# https://www.amazon.com/Volodymyr-Bezverkhniy/e/B01I41EHHS/ref=dp_byline_cont_ebooks_1 benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond, nitrogen dioxide, nitrite anion
Topics: benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond, nitrogen dioxide, nitrite anion
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Mar 22, 2016 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych
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Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (viXra): http://vixra.org/author/bezverkhniy_volodymyr_dmytrovych Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (Scribd): https://www.scribd.com/user/289277020/Bezverkhniy-Volodymyr# https://www.amazon.com/Volodymyr-Bezverkhniy/e/B01I41EHHS/ref=dp_byline_cont_ebooks_1 benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond, oxygen, nitrogen monoxide. Without regard of three electrone bond its impossible to portray oxygen molecule that has a multiplicity of connection 2 and two unpaired electrones. This...
Topics: benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond, oxygen, nitrogen monoxide
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Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (viXra): http://vixra.org/author/bezverkhniy_volodymyr_dmytrovych Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (Scribd): https://www.scribd.com/user/289277020/Bezverkhniy-Volodymyr# https://www.amazon.com/Volodymyr-Bezverkhniy/e/B01I41EHHS/ref=dp_byline_cont_ebooks_1 benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond, nitrate anion, carbonate anion, sulfate anion, ozone
Topics: benzene, three-electron bond, nitrate anion, carbonate anion, sulfate anion, ozone
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Mar 22, 2016 Bezverkhniy Volodymyr Dmytrovych
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Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (viXra): http://vixra.org/author/bezverkhniy_volodymyr_dmytrovych Bezverkhniy Volodymyr (Scribd): https://www.scribd.com/user/289277020/Bezverkhniy-Volodymyr# https://www.amazon.com/Volodymyr-Bezverkhniy/e/B01I41EHHS/ref=dp_byline_cont_ebooks_1 benzene on the basis of the three-electron bond, sodium acetoacetic ether, alyle cation
Topics: benzene, three-electron bond, sodium acetoacetic ether, alyle cation